UB: Ubuntu 18.04 C++ gcc build-essentials

Ubuntu 18.04 C++ gcc build-essentials


sudo apt install gcc
sudo apt install gcc-7
sudo apt install gcc-8
sudo apt install build-essential
sudo apt install make
sudo apt install perl


gcc-7 and gcc-8 will happily co-live together.

I would suggest to let gcc-7 be installed, for satisfying build-essential and perhaps other dependent packages, and configure gcc-8 to be your default gcc installation.

Use update-alternatives for having gcc redirected automatically to gcc-8:

sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/gcc gcc /usr/bin/gcc-7 700 --slave /usr/bin/g++ g++ /usr/bin/g++-7
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/gcc gcc /usr/bin/gcc-8 800 --slave /usr/bin/g++ g++ /usr/bin/g++-8

This will give you the convenience of gcc being at the latest version, and still you will be able to invoke gcc-7 or gcc-8 directly.

If you'll wish to change the default gcc version later on, run sudo update-alternatives --config gcc. It will bring a prompt similar to this, which lets you pick the version to be used:

There are 2 choices for the alternative gcc (providing /usr/bin/gcc).

  Selection    Path            Priority   Status
* 0            /usr/bin/gcc-8   800       auto mode
  1            /usr/bin/gcc-7   700       manual mode
  2            /usr/bin/gcc-8   800       manual mode

Press <enter> to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number:

The higher priority is the one that is picked automatically by update-alternatives.